Development: 

     The issue of segregation is a topic engraved in the country’s history. It was a national predicament that is reinforced by numerous factors. Throughout many stages of history, racial tension and segregation laws made it more blatant and obvious than the concealed ways it may manifest in today. A look at Chicago, for instance, a city among the greatest in population of the country, the abrupt changes it has undergone may have just been what led it to be the most segregated city in America. In 1970, Chicago’s high rate of middle class families sustained the city. Population shift has bred an income of white residents which has steadily risen since 1990. Meanwhile, the economic income of black residents have fallen below 1990 levels despite a climb at the end of the last century. An expert on the issue, Lauren Nolan, an economic development planner at the Voorhees Center has referred to segregation, redlining, housing policies, and discrimination as influences and causes of the inequality depicted. Ways in which people are affected by previous actions, such as housing and mortgage policies that deliberately limited the black residents confined to Chicago’s poorer neighborhoods have been observed. These effects manifest in limiting the people’s ability to buy homes and accumulate wealth. Many of the issues accumulated as a result and encompassed by segregation includes poverty and unemployment. Analyzed reasoning for the concerns has been drawn upon as the loss of manufacturing jobs on the south side of the city in the past 15 to 20 years. Declining incomes and higher poverty rates among blacks can be considered as effects of development through critical  confinement of the wealth and distribution.

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